|Dosage Form||Package Information||Links|
|CAPSULE, EXTENDED RELEASE||30 CAPSULE, EXTENDED RELEASE in 1 BOTTLE (10631-330-30)||Label Information|
|CAPSULE, EXTENDED RELEASE||6 CAPSULE, EXTENDED RELEASE in 1 BLISTER PACK (10631-330-06)||Label Information|
|CAPSULE, EXTENDED RELEASE||500 CAPSULE, EXTENDED RELEASE in 1 BOTTLE (10631-330-05)||Label Information|
Ximino is a tetracycline-class drug indicated to treat only inflammatory lesions of non-nodular moderate to severe acne vulgaris in patients 12 years of age and older. (1) (1)
Limitations of Use (1)
Ximino did not demonstrate any effect on non-inflammatory acne lesions. Safety of Ximino has not been established beyond 12 weeks of use. This formulation of minocycline has not been evaluated in the treatment of infections. (14) (1)
The recommended dosage of Ximino is approximately 1 mg/kg once daily for 12 weeks. (2) (2)
Extended-Release Capsules: 45 mg, 90 mg, and 135 mg (3) (3)
Ximino is contraindicated in persons who have shown hypersensitivity to any of the tetracyclines. (4) (4)
See 17 for PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION.
To reduce the development of drug-resistant bacteria as well as to maintain the effectiveness of other antibacterial drugs, Ximino should be used only as indicated [see Warnings and Precautions (5.11)].
Ximino did not demonstrate any effect on non-inflammatory acne lesions. Safety of Ximino has not been established beyond 12 weeks of use. This formulation of minocycline has not been evaluated in the treatment of infections [see Clinical Studies (14)].
The recommended dosage of Ximino is approximately 1 mg/kg once daily for 12 weeks. Higher doses have not shown to be of additional benefit in the treatment of inflammatory lesions of acne, and may be associated with more acute vestibular side effects.
|Patientâ€™s Weight (lbs.)||Patientâ€™s Weight (kg)||Capsule Strength (mg)||Actual mg/kg Dose|
|99 to 122||45 to 55||45||1 to 0.82|
|123 to 164||56 to 74||67.5||1.21 to 0.91|
|165 to 212||75 to 96||90||1.20 to 0.94|
|213 to 276||97 to 125||112.5||1.16 to 0.90|
|277 to 300||126 to 136||135||1.07 to 0.99|
Ximino may be taken with or without food [see Clinical Pharmacology (12)]. The capsules should be swallowed whole without chewing, crushing or splitting. Ingestion of food along with Ximino may help reduce the risk of esophageal irritation and ulceration.
In patients with renal impairment, the total dosage should be decreased by either reducing the recommended individual doses and/or by extending the time intervals between doses [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)].
A. Minocycline, like other tetracycline-class drugs, can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. If any tetracycline is used during pregnancy or if the patient becomes pregnant while taking these drugs, the patient should be apprised of the potential hazard to the fetus.
B. The use of drugs of the tetracycline class during tooth development (last half of pregnancy, infancy, and childhood up to the age of 8 years) may cause permanent discoloration of the teeth (yellow-gray-brown).
Permanent discoloration of the teeth is more common during long-term use of the drug but has been observed following repeated short-term courses. Enamel hypoplasia has also been reported. Tetracycline drugs, therefore, should not be used during tooth development.
C. All tetracyclines form a stable calcium complex in any bone-forming tissue. A decrease in fibula growth rate has been observed in premature human infants given oral tetracycline in doses of 25 mg/kg every 6 hours. The decrease in fibula growth rate was shown to be reversible when the drug was discontinued.
Results of animal studies indicate that tetracyclines cross the placenta, are found in fetal tissues, and can cause retardation of skeletal development on the developing fetus. Evidence of embryotoxicity has been noted in animals treated early in pregnancy [see Use in Specific Populations (8.1)].
Clostridium difficile associated diarrhea (CDAD) has been reported with nearly all antibacterial agents, including minocycline, and may range in severity from mild diarrhea to fatal colitis. Treatment with antibacterial agents alters the normal flora of the colon leading to overgrowth of C. difficile.
C. difficile produces toxins A and B which contribute to the development of CDAD. Hypertoxin producing strains of C. difficile cause increased morbidity and mortality, as these infections can be refractory to antimicrobial therapy and may require colectomy. CDAD must be considered in all patients who present with diarrhea following antibiotic use. Careful medical history is necessary since CDAD has been reported to occur over two months after the administration of antibacterial agents.
If CDAD is suspected or confirmed, ongoing antibiotic use not directed against C. difficile may need to be discontinued. Appropriate fluid and electrolyte management, protein supplementation, antibiotic treatment of C. difficile, and surgical evaluation should be instituted as clinically indicated.
Postmarketing cases of serious liver injury, including irreversible drug-induced hepatitis and fulminant hepatic failure (sometimes fatal) have been reported with minocycline use in the treatment of acne.
The anti-anabolic action of the tetracyclines may cause an increase in BUN. While this is not a problem in those with normal renal function, in patients with significantly impaired function, higher serum levels of tetracycline-class drugs may lead to azotemia, hyperphosphatemia, and acidosis. If renal impairment exists, even usual oral or parenteral doses may lead to excessive systemic accumulations of the drug and possible liver toxicity. Under such conditions, lower than usual total doses are indicated, and if therapy is prolonged, serum level determinations of the drug may be advisable.
Central nervous system side effects including light-headedness, dizziness or vertigo have been reported with minocycline therapy. Patients who experience these symptoms should be cautioned about driving vehicles or using hazardous machinery while on minocycline therapy. These symptoms may disappear during therapy and usually disappear when the drug is discontinued.
Pseudotumor cerebri (benign intracranial hypertension) in adults and adolescents has been associated with the use of tetracyclines. Minocycline has been reported to cause or precipitate pseudotumor cerebri, the hallmark of which is papilledema. Clinical manifestations include headache and blurred vision. Bulging fontanels have been associated with the use of tetracyclines in infants. Although signs and symptoms of pseudotumor cerebri resolve after discontinuation of treatment, the possibility for permanent sequelae such as visual loss that may be severe exists. Patients should be questioned for visual disturbances prior to initiation of treatment with tetracyclines. If visual disturbance occurs during treatment, patients should be checked for papilledema. Concomitant use of isotretinoin and minocycline should be avoided because isotretinoin, a systemic retinoid, is also known to cause pseudotumor cerebri.
Tetracyclines have been associated with the development of autoimmune syndromes. The long-term use of minocycline in the treatment of acne has been associated with drug-induced lupus-like syndrome, autoimmune hepatitis and vasculitis. Sporadic cases of serum sickness have presented shortly after minocycline use. Symptoms may be manifested by fever, rash, arthralgia, and malaise. In symptomatic patients, liver function tests, ANA, CBC, and other appropriate tests should be performed to evaluate the patients. Use of all tetracycline-class drugs should be discontinued immediately.
Photosensitivity manifested by an exaggerated sunburn reaction has been observed in some individuals taking tetracyclines, including minocycline. Patients should minimize or avoid exposure to natural or artificial sunlight (tanning beds or UVA/B treatment) while using minocycline. If patients need to be outdoors while using minocycline, they should wear loose-fitting clothes that protect skin from sun exposure and discuss other sun protection measures with their physician.
Cases of anaphylaxis, serious skin reactions (e.g. Stevens Johnson syndrome), erythema multiforme, and drug rash with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) syndrome have been reported postmarketing with minocycline use in patients with acne. DRESS syndrome consists of cutaneous reaction (such as rash or exfoliative dermatitis), eosinophilia, and one or more of the following visceral complications such as: hepatitis, pneumonitis, nephritis, myocarditis, and pericarditis. Fever and lymphadenopathy may be present. In some cases, death has been reported. If this syndrome is recognized, the drug should be discontinued immediately.
Tetracycline class antibiotics are known to cause hyperpigmentation. Tetracycline therapy may induce hyperpigmentation in many organs, including nails, bone, skin, eyes, thyroid, visceral tissue, oral cavity (teeth, mucosa, alveolar bone), sclerae and heart valves. Skin and oral pigmentation has been reported to occur independently of time or amount of drug administration, whereas other tissue pigmentation has been reported to occur upon prolonged administration. Skin pigmentation includes diffuse pigmentation as well as over sites of scars or injury.
Bacterial resistance to the tetracyclines may develop in patients using Ximino, therefore, the susceptibility of bacteria associated with infection should be considered in selecting antimicrobial therapy. Because of the potential for drug-resistant bacteria to develop during the use of Ximino, it should be used only as indicated.
As with other antibiotic preparations, use of Ximino may result in overgrowth of nonsusceptible organisms, including fungi. If superinfection occurs, Ximino should be discontinued and appropriate therapy instituted.
Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in clinical practice.
|Adverse Reactions||Minocycline hydrochloride(1 mg/kg)N = 674 (%)||PLACEBON = 364 (%)|
|At least one treatment-emergent event||379 (56)||197 (54)|
|Headache||152 (23)||83 (23)|
|Fatigue||62 (9)||24 (7)|
|Dizziness||59 (9)||17 (5)|
|Pruritus||31 (5)||16 (4)|
|Malaise||26 (4)||9 (3)|
|Mood alteration||17 (3)||9 (3)|
|Somnolence||13 (2)||3 (1)|
|Urticaria||10 (2)||1 (0)|
|Tinnitus||10 (2)||5 (1)|
|Arthralgia||9 (1)||2 (0)|
|Vertigo||8 (1)||3 (1)|
|Dry mouth||7 (1)||5 (1)|
|Myalgia||7 (1)||4 (1)|
The following adverse reactions have been identified during post approval use of minocycline hydrochloride. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure.
Skin and hypersensitivity reactions: fixed drug eruptions, balanitis, erythema multiforme, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, anaphylactoid purpura, photosensitivity, pigmentation of skin and mucous membranes, hypersensitivity reactions, angioneurotic edema, anaphylaxis, DRESS syndrome [see Warnings and Precautions (5.9)].
In a multi-center study to evaluate the effect of minocycline hydrochloride (administered as another extended-release formulation which is bioequivalent to Ximino) on low dose oral contraceptives, hormone levels over one menstrual cycle with and without minocycline hydrochloride 1 mg/kg once-daily were measured. Based on the results of this trial, minocycline-related changes in estradiol, progestinic hormone, FSH and LH plasma levels, of breakthrough bleeding, or of contraceptive failure, cannot be ruled out. To avoid contraceptive failure, female patients are advised to use a second form of contraceptive during treatment with minocycline.
There are no adequate and well-controlled studies on the use of minocycline in pregnant women. Minocycline, like other tetracycline-class drugs, crosses the placenta and can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman.
Spontaneous reports of congenital anomalies including limb reduction have been reported with minocycline use in pregnancy in postmarketing experience. Only limited information is available regarding these reports; therefore, no conclusion on causal association can be established.
Minocycline induced skeletal malformations (bent limb bones) in fetuses when administered to pregnant rats and rabbits in doses of 30 mg/kg/day and 100 mg/kg/day, respectively, (resulting in approximately 3 times and 2 times, respectively, the systemic exposure to minocycline observed in patients as a result of use of Ximino). Reduced mean fetal body weight was observed in studies in which minocycline was administered to pregnant rats at a dose of 10 mg/kg/day (which resulted in approximately the same level of systemic exposure to minocycline as that observed in patients who use Ximino).
Minocycline was assessed for effects on peri- and post-natal development of rats in a study that involved oral administration to pregnant rats from day 6 of gestation through the period of lactation (postpartum day 20), at dosages of 5, 10, or 50 mg/kg/day. In this study, body weight gain was significantly reduced in pregnant females that received 50 mg/kg/day (resulting in approximately 2.5 times the systemic exposure to minocycline observed in patients as a result of use of Ximino). No effects of treatment on the duration of the gestation period or the number of live pups born per litter were observed. Gross external anomalies observed in F1 pups (offspring of animals that received minocycline) included reduced body size, improperly rotated forelimbs, and reduced size of extremities. No effects were observed on the physical development, behavior, learning ability, or reproduction of F1 pups, and there was no effect on gross appearance of F2 pups (offspring of F1 animals).
Tetracycline-class antibiotics are excreted in human milk. Because of the potential for serious adverse effects on bone and tooth development in nursing infants from the tetracycline-class antibiotics, a decision should be made whether to discontinue nursing or discontinue the drug, taking into account the importance of the drug to the mother [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].
Ximino is indicated to treat only inflammatory lesions of non-nodular moderate to severe acne vulgaris in patients 12 years and older. Safety and effectiveness in pediatric patients below the age of 12 have not been established.
Clinical studies of minocycline hydrochloride did not include sufficient numbers of subjects aged 65 and over to determine whether they respond differently from younger subjects. Other reported clinical experience has not identified differences in responses between the elderly and younger patients. In general, dose selection for an elderly patient should be cautious, usually starting at the low end of the dosing range, reflecting the greater frequency of decreased hepatic, renal, or cardiac function, and concomitant disease or other drug therapy.
The active ingredient in Ximino Extended-Release Capsules is minocycline hydrochloride, a semi synthetic derivative of tetracycline. Ximino is a tetracycline-class drug. Ximino is known chemically as [4S(4Î±,4aÎ±,5aÎ±,12aÎ±)]-4,7-Bis(dimethylamino)-1,4,4a,5,5a,6,11,12a-octahydro-3,10,12,12a-tetrahydroxy-1,11-dioxo-2-naphthacenecarboxamide mono hydrochloride.
Minocycline hydrochloride, USP is a yellow crystalline powder, sparingly soluble in water, soluble in solutions of alkali hydroxides and carbonates, slightly soluble in alcohol, practically insoluble in chloroform and in ether.
Ximino (minocycline hydrochloride) Extended-Release Capsules for oral administration contain minocycline hydrochloride, USP equivalent to 45 mg, 90 mg, or 135 mg of minocycline. The Extended-Release Capsules contain the following inactive ingredients: colloidal silicon dioxide, D&C Yellow #10 (in 45 mg strength), FD&C Blue #1, FD&C Yellow #6 (in 45 mg and 135 mg strength), gelatin, hypromellose, lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, sodium lauryl sulfate, and titanium dioxide.
Following administration of a single dose of Ximino (135 mg) to healthy male and female adult subjects, the mean (SD) AUC(0-âˆž) and Cmax were 12.87 (4.04) mcg x hr/mL and 0.68 (0.25) mcg/mL, respectively, under fasting conditions.
When a single dose of Ximino (135 mg) was administered with a high fat meal to the same subjects in the same study in a crossover design, the mean (SD) AUC(0-âˆž) and Cmax were 14.16 (3.10) mcg x hr/mL and 0.85 (0.20) mcg/mL, respectively.
Carcinogenesis-Long-term animal studies have not been performed to evaluate the carcinogenic potential of minocycline. A structurally related compound, oxytetracycline, was found to produce adrenal and pituitary tumors in rats.
Mutagenesis-Minocycline was not mutagenic in vitro in a bacterial reverse mutation assay (Ames test) or CHO/HGPRT mammalian cell assay in the presence or absence of metabolic activation. Minocycline was not clastogenic in vitro using human peripheral blood lymphocytes or in vivo in a mouse micronucleus test.
Impairment of Fertility-Male and female reproductive performance in rats was unaffected by oral doses of minocycline of up to 300 mg/kg/day (which resulted in up to approximately 40 times the level of systemic exposure to minocycline observed in patients as a result of use of Ximino). However, oral administration of 100 or 300 mg/kg/day of minocycline to male rats (resulting in approximately 15 to 40 times the level of systemic exposure to minocycline observed in patients as a result of use of Ximino) adversely affected spermatogenesis. Effects observed at 300 mg/kg/day included a reduced number of sperm cells per gram of epididymis, an apparent reduction in the percentage of sperm that were motile, and (at 100 and 300 mg/kg/day) increased numbers of morphologically abnormal sperm cells. Morphological abnormalities observed in sperm samples included absent heads, misshapen heads, and abnormal flagella.
The safety and efficacy of minocycline hydrochloride in the treatment of inflammatory lesions of non-nodular moderate to severe acne vulgaris was assessed in two 12-week, multi-center, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, studies in subjects â‰¥ 12 years. The mean age of subjects was 20 years and subjects were from the following racial groups: White (73%), Hispanic (13%), Black (11%), Asian/Pacific Islander (2%), and Other (2%).
In two efficacy and safety trials, a total of 924 subjects with non-nodular moderate to severe acne vulgaris received minocycline hydrochloride or placebo for a total of 12 weeks, according to the following dose assignments.
|Subjectâ€™sWeight (lbs)||Subjectâ€™sWeight (kg)||Available CapsuleStrength (mg)||Actual mg/kgDose|
|99 to 131||45 to 59||45||1 to 0.76|
|132 to 199||60 to 90||90||1.5 to 1|
|200 to 300||91 to 136||135||1.48 to 0.99|
|Study 1||Study 2|
|Minocycline hydrochloride(1 mg/kg)N = 300||PlaceboN = 151||Minocycline hydrochloride (1 mg/kg)N = 315||PlaceboN = 158|
|Mean Percent Improvement in Inflammatory Lesions||43.1%||31.7%||45.8%||30.8%|
|No. (%) of Subjects Clear or Almost Clear on the EGSA*||52 (17.3%)||12 (7.9%)||50 (15.9%)||15 (9.5%)|
Ximino (minocycline hydrochloride) Extended-Release Capsules are hard-gelatin capsules containing minocycline hydrochloride, USP equivalent to 45 mg, 90 mg or 135 mg minocycline. The Extended-Release Capsules are supplied as follows:
Ximino (minocycline hydrochloride) Extended-Release Capsules 45 mg: Opaque bluish green cap and opaque yellow body hard gelatin capsule with â€˜RI18â€™ imprinted on both cap and body in black ink containing one yellow to grayish yellow colored film-coated, round tablet plain on both sides and are supplied as follows:
Ximino (minocycline hydrochloride) Extended-Release Capsules 90 mg: Opaque light blue cap and body hard gelatin capsule with â€˜RI19â€™ imprinted on both cap and body in black ink containing two yellow to grayish yellow colored film-coated, round tablets plain on both sides and are supplied as follows:
Ximino (minocycline hydrochloride) Extended-Release Capsules 135 mg: Opaque bluish green cap and opaque light blue body hard gelatin capsule with â€˜RI20â€™ imprinted on both cap and body in black ink containing three yellow to grayish yellow colored film-coated, round tablets plain on both sides and are supplied as follows:
Read this Patient Information leaflet that comes with Ximino before you start taking it and each time you get a refill. There may be new information. This leaflet does not take the place of talking with your doctor about your condition or treatment.
Ximino is a tetracycline-class drug. Ximino is prescription medicine used to treat pimples and red bumps (non-nodular inflammatory lesions) that happen with moderate to severe acne vulgaris in people 12 years and older. Ximino is not effective for acne that is not red-looking (this means acne that is not inflammatory).
Tell your doctor about all the other medicines you take including prescription and nonprescription medicines, vitamins and herbal supplements. Ximino may affect the way other medicines work, and other medicines may affect how Ximino works.
Medicines are sometimes prescribed for purposes other than those listed in the Patient Information leaflet. Do not use Ximino for a condition for which it was not prescribed. Do not give Ximino to other people, even if they have the same symptoms you have. It may harm them.
This Patient Information leaflet summarizes the most important information about Ximino. If you would like more information, talk to your doctor. You can ask your doctor or pharmacist for information about Ximino that is written for health professionals.
Inactive Ingredients: colloidal silicon dioxide, D&C Yellow #10 (in 45 mg strength), FD&C Blue #1, FD&C Yellow #6 (in 45 mg and 135 mg strength), gelatin, hypromellose, lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, sodium lauryl sulfate, and titanium dioxide.
minocycline hydrochloride capsule, extended release
minocycline hydrochloride capsule, extended release
minocycline hydrochloride capsule, extended release
|Labeler - Ranbaxy Laboratories Inc. (169932519)|
|Registrant - Ranbaxy Laboratories Inc. (169932519)|
|Ranbaxy Laboratories Ltd.||650456002||manufacture(10631-330)|