Home > Drugs A-Z > EMADINE

EMADINE (Alcon Laboratories, Inc.)

Available Formats

Dosage Form Package Information Links
SOLUTION 5 mL in 1 BOTTLE, PLASTIC (0065-0325-05) Label Information

Complete EMADINE Information

  • DESCRIPTION

    EMADINE® (emedastine difumarate ophthalmic solution) 0.05% is a sterile ophthalmic solution containing emedastine, a relatively selective, H1-receptor antagonist for topical administration to the eyes. Emedastine difumarate is a white, crystalline, water-soluble fine powder with a molecular weight of 534.57. The chemical structure is presented below:

    Structural Formula:

    
chemical

    Chemical Name:

    1H-benzimidazole,1-(2-ethoxyethyl)-2-(hexahydro-4-methyl-1H-1,4-diazepin-1-yl),(E)-2-butenedioate (1:2)

    Each mL of EMADINE contains: Active: 0.884 mg emedastine difumarate equivalent to 0.5 mg emedastine. Preservative: benzalkonium chloride 0.01%. Inactives: tromethamine; sodium chloride; hypromellose; hydrochloric acid/sodium hydroxide (adjust pH); and purified water. It has a pH of approximately 7.4 and an osmolality of approximately 300 mOsm/kg.


  • CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

    Emedastine is a relatively selective, histamine H1 antagonist. In vitro examinations of emedastine's affinity for histamine receptors (H1: Ki=1.3 nM, H2: Ki=49,067 nM, and H3: Ki=12,430 nM) demonstrate relative selectivity for the H1 histamine receptor. In vivo studies have shown concentration-dependent inhibition of histamine-stimulated vascular permeability in the conjunctiva following topical ocular administration. Emedastine appears to be devoid of effects on adrenergic, dopaminergic and serotonin receptors.

    Following topical administration in man, emedastine was shown to have low systemic exposure. In a study involving 10 normal volunteers dosed bilaterally twice daily for 15 days with emedastine ophthalmic solution 0.05%, plasma concentrations of the parent compound were generally below the quantitation limit of the assay (<0.3 ng/mL). Samples in which emedastine was quantifiable ranged from 0.30 to 0.49 ng/mL. The elimination half-life of oral emedastine in plasma is 3-4 hours. Approximately 44% of the oral dose is recovered in the urine over 24 hours with only 3.6% of the dose excreted as parent drug. Two primary metabolites, 5- and 6-hydroxyemedastine, are excreted in the urine as both free and conjugated forms. The 5'-oxoanalogs of 5- and 6-hydroxyemedastine and the N-oxide are also formed as minor metabolites. In an environmental study, patients with allergic conjunctivitis were treated with EMADINE® (emedastine difumarate ophthalmic solution) 0.05% for six weeks. The results demonstrated that EMADINE® (emedastine difumarate ophthalmic solution) 0.05% provides relief of the signs and symptoms of allergic conjunctivitis. In conjunctival antigen challenge studies, in which subjects were challenged with antigen both initially and up to four hours after dosing, EMADINE® (emedastine difumarate ophthalmic solution) 0.05% was demonstrated to be significantly more effective than placebo in preventing ocular itching associated with allergic conjunctivitis.


  • INDICATIONS AND USAGE

    EMADINE® (emedastine difumarate ophthalmic solution) 0.05% is indicated for the temporary relief of the signs and symptoms of allergic conjunctivitis.


  • CONTRAINDICATIONS

    EMADINE® (emedastine difumarate ophthalmic solution) is contraindicated in persons with a known hypersensitivity to emedastine difumarate or any of its components.


  • WARNINGS

    FOR TOPICAL OPHTHALMIC USE ONLY - NOT FOR INJECTION OR ORAL USE.


  • PRECAUTIONS

    Information for Patients:

    To prevent contaminating the dropper tip and solution, care should be taken not to touch the eyelids or surrounding areas with the dropper tip of the bottle. Keep the bottle tightly closed when not in use. Do not use if the solution has become discolored.

    Patients should be advised not to wear a contact lens if their eye is red. EMADINE® (emedastine difumarate ophthalmic solution) 0.05% should not be used to treat contact lens related irritation. The preservative in EMADINE® (emedastine difumarate ophthalmic solution) 0.05%, benzalkonium chloride, may be absorbed by soft contact lenses. Patients who wear soft contact lenses and whose eyes are not red, should be instructed to wait at least ten minutes after instilling EMADINE® (emedastine difumarate ophthalmic solution) 0.05% before they insert their contact lenses.

    Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility:

    Emedastine difumarate demonstrated no carcinogenicity effects in lifetime studies in mice and rats at dietary doses more than 80,000 times and more than 26,000 times the maximum recommended ocular human use level of 0.002 mg/kg/day for a 50 kg adult, respectively. Higher dose levels were not tested. Emedastine difumarate was determined to be nonmutagenic in an in vitro bacterial reverse mutation (Ames) test, an in vitro modification of the Ames test, an in vitro mammalian chromosome aberration test, an in vitro mammalian forward mutation test, an in vitro mammalian DNA repair synthesis test, an in vivo mammalian sister chromatid exchange test and an in vivo mouse micronucleus test. There was no evidence of impaired fertility or reproductive capacity in rats at 15,000 times the maximum recommended ocular human use level.

    Pregnancy: Pregnancy Category B.

    Teratology and peri- and post-natal studies have been conducted with emedastine difumarate in rats and rabbits. At 15,000 times the maximum recommended ocular human use level, emedastine difumarate was shown not to be teratogenic in rats and rabbits and no effects on peri/post-natal development were observed in rats. However, at 70,000 times the maximum recommended ocular human use level, emedastine difumarate was shown to increase the incidence of external, visceral and skeletal anomalies in rats. There are, however, no adequate and well controlled studies in pregnant women. Because animal studies are not always predictive of human response, this drug should be used during pregnancy only if clearly needed.


  • Nursing Mothers:

    Emedastine has been identified in breast milk in rats following oral administration. It is not known whether topical ocular administration could result in sufficient systemic absorption to produce detectable quantities in breast milk. Nevertheless, caution should be exercised when EMADINE® (emedastine difumarate ophthalmic solution) 0.05% is administered to a nursing mother.

    Pediatric Use:

    Safety and effectiveness in pediatric patients below the age of 3 years have not been established.

    Geriatric Use:

    No overall differences in safety or effectiveness have been observed between elderly and younger patients.


  • ADVERSE REACTIONS

    In controlled clinical studies of EMADINE® (emedastine difumarate ophthalmic solution) 0.05% lasting for 42 days, the most frequent adverse reaction was headache 11%. The following adverse experiences were reported in less than 5% of patients: Abnormal dreams, asthenia, bad taste, blurred vision, burning or stinging, corneal infiltrates, corneal staining, dermatitis, discomfort, dry eye, foreign body sensation, hyperemia, keratitis, pruritus, rhinitis, sinusitis and tearing. Some of these events were similar to the underlying disease being studied.


  • OVERDOSAGE

    Somnolence and malaise have been reported following daily oral administration. Oral ingestion of the contents of a 15 mL DROP-TAINER® dispenser would be equivalent to 7.5 mg. In case of overdosage, treatment is symptomatic and supportive.


  • DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

    The recommended dose is one drop in the affected eye up to four times daily.


  • HOW SUPPLIED

    EMADINE® (emedastine difumarate ophthalmic solution) 0.05% is supplied as follows:

    5 mL in opaque, plastic DROP-TAINER® dispenser.

    5 mL: NDC 0065-0325-05

    STORAGE: Store at 4° - 30°C (39° - 86°F).

    Rx Only

    U.S. Patents Nos. 5,441,958.

    Revised: May 2009

    ALCON LABORATORIES, INC.

    6201 South Freeway

    Fort Worth, Texas 76134 USA

    1-800-757-9195

    MedInfo@AlconLabs.com

    Printed in USA

    ©2002, 2003, 2009 Alcon, Inc.

    340326-0509


  • PRINCIPLE DISPLAY PANEL

    NDC 0065-0325-05

    Alcon®

    Emadine®
    (emedastine difumarate ophthalmic solution) 0.05%
     
    5 mL

    Sterile

    Rx Only

    FOR TOPICAL OPHTHALMIC USE ONLY


    WARNING: Do not touch dropper tip to any surface, as this may contaminate the solution.

    USUAL DOSAGE: Read enclosed insert.

    EACH mL CONTAINS:
    Active: emedastine difumarate 0.884 mg equivalent to emadastine 0.5 mg.

    Preservative: benzalkonium chloride, 0.01%.

    Inactives: tromethamine, sodium chloride, hypromellose, hydrochloric acid and/or sodium hydroxide (to adjust pH), and purified water.

    Storage: Store at 4º-30ºC (39º-86ºF).

    U.S. Pat. Nos. 5,441,958

    ALCON®

    ALCON LABORATORIES, INC.
    Fort Worth, Texas 76134 USA

    Printed in USA

    ©2002, 2003, 2009 Alcon, Inc.

    350928-0109

    LOT:

    EXP.:

    
carton

    NDC 0065-0325-05

    Alcon®

    Emadine®
    (emedastine difumarate ophthalmic solution) 0.05%
     
    Sterile

    5 mL

    Rx Only

    Each mL Contains: emedastine 0.5 mg

    USUAL DOSAGE: Read enclosed insert.

    FOR TOPICAL OPHTHALMIC USE ONLY.

    STORAGE: Store at 4º-30ºC (39º-86ºF).

    U.S. Pat. Nos. 4,430,343 and 5,441,958

    ALCON LABORATORIES, INC.
    Fort Worth, Texas 76134 USA

    Printed in USA

    ©2002, 2004 Alcon, Inc.

    LOT:

    EXP.:

    H13153-1113

    label

  • INGREDIENTS AND APPEARANCE
    EMADINE  
    emedastine difumarate solution/ drops
    Product Information
    Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG Item Code (Source) NDC:0065-0325
    Route of Administration OPHTHALMIC
    Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
    Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
    EMEDASTINE DIFUMARATE (UNII: 42MB94QOSM) (EMEDASTINE - UNII:9J1H7Y9OJV) EMEDASTINE 0.5 mg  in 1 mL
    Inactive Ingredients
    Ingredient Name Strength
    TROMETHAMINE (UNII: 023C2WHX2V)  
    SODIUM CHLORIDE (UNII: 451W47IQ8X)  
    HYDROCHLORIC ACID (UNII: QTT17582CB)  
    SODIUM HYDROXIDE (UNII: 55X04QC32I)  
    WATER (UNII: 059QF0KO0R)  
    HYPROMELLOSES (UNII: 3NXW29V3WO)  
    BENZALKONIUM CHLORIDE (UNII: F5UM2KM3W7)  
    Packaging
    # Item Code Package Description Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
    1 NDC:0065-0325-05 1 in 1 CARTON 02/15/1998
    1 5 mL in 1 BOTTLE, PLASTIC; Type 0: Not a Combination Product
    Marketing Information
    Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
    NDA NDA020706 02/15/1998
    Labeler - Alcon Laboratories, Inc. (008018525)
    Establishment
    Name Address ID/FEI Business Operations
    Shiratori Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. 716664227 API MANUFACTURE(0065-0325) , ANALYSIS(0065-0325)