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Baclofen (Upsher-Smith Laboratories, Inc.)

Available Formats

Dosage Form Package Information Links
TABLET 1000 TABLET in 1 BOTTLE (0832-1024-10) Label Information
TABLET 100 TABLET in 1 BOTTLE (0832-1024-00) Label Information
TABLET 90 TABLET in 1 BOTTLE (0832-1024-09) Label Information
TABLET 500 TABLET in 1 BOTTLE (0832-1024-50) Label Information

Complete Baclofen Information

  • SPL UNCLASSIFIED SECTION

    Rx only


  • DESCRIPTION

    Baclofen USP is a muscle relaxant and antispastic. Its chemical name is 4-amino-3-(4-chlorophenyl)-butanoic acid. Its molecular formula is C10H12ClNO2 and its structural formula is:

    Chemical Structure

    Baclofen USP is a white to off-white, odorless or practically odorless crystalline powder, with a molecular weight of 213.66. It is slightly soluble in water, very slightly soluble in methanol and insoluble in chloroform.

    Each tablet, for oral administration, contains 10 mg or 20 mg of baclofen, USP. In addition, each tablet contains the following inactive ingredients: Crospovidone, anhydrous lactose, magnesium stearate and povidone.


  • CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

    The precise mechanism of action of baclofen is not fully known. Baclofen is capable of inhibiting both monosynaptic and polysynaptic reflexes at the spinal level, possibly by hyperpolarization of afferent terminals, although actions at supraspinal sites may also occur and contribute to its clinical effect. Although baclofen is an analog of the putative inhibitory neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), there is no conclusive evidence that actions on GABA systems are involved in the production of its clinical effects. In studies with animals, baclofen has been shown to have general CNS depressant properties as indicated by the production of sedation with tolerance, somnolence, ataxia, and respiratory and cardiovascular depression. Baclofen is rapidly and extensively absorbed and eliminated. Absorption may be dose-dependent, being reduced with increasing doses. Baclofen is excreted primarily by the kidney in unchanged form and there is relatively large intersubject variation in absorption and/or elimination.


  • INDICATIONS AND USAGE

    Baclofen tablets, USP are useful for the alleviation of signs and symptoms of spasticity resulting from multiple sclerosis, particularly for the relief of flexor spasms and concomitant pain, clonus, and muscular rigidity.

    Patients should have reversible spasticity so that baclofen treatment will aid in restoring residual function.

    Baclofen tablets, USP may also be of some value in patients with spinal cord injuries and other spinal cord diseases.

    Baclofen tablets, USP are not indicated in the treatment of skeletal muscle spasm resulting from rheumatic disorders.

    The efficacy of baclofen tablets, USP in stroke, cerebral palsy, and Parkinson's disease has not been established and, therefore, it is not recommended for these conditions.


  • CONTRAINDICATIONS

    Hypersensitivity to baclofen.


  • WARNINGS

    a. Abrupt Drug Withdrawal: Hallucinations and seizures have occurred on abrupt withdrawal of baclofen. Therefore, except for serious adverse reactions, the dose should be reduced slowly when the drug is discontinued.

    b. Impaired Renal Function: Because baclofen is primarily excreted unchanged through the kidneys, it should be given with caution, and it may be necessary to reduce the dosage.

    c. Stroke: Baclofen has not significantly benefited patients with stroke. These patients have also shown poor tolerability to the drug.

    d. Pregnancy: Baclofen has been shown to increase the incidence of omphaloceles (ventral hernias) in fetuses of rats given approximately 13 times the maximum dose recommended for human use, at a dose which caused significant reductions in food intake and weight gain in dams. This abnormality was not seen in mice or rabbits.

    There was also an increased incidence of incomplete sternebral ossification in fetuses of rats given approximately 13 times the maximum recommended human dose, and an increased incidence of unossified phalangeal nuclei of forelimbs and hindlimbs in fetuses of rabbits given approximately 7 times the maximum recommended human dose. In mice, no teratogenic effects were observed, although reductions in mean fetal weight with consequent delays in skeletal ossification were present when dams were given 17 and 34 times the human daily dose. There are no studies in pregnant women. Baclofen should be used during pregnancy only if the benefit clearly justifies the potential risk to the fetus.


  • PRECAUTIONS

    Because of the possibility of sedation, patients should be cautioned regarding the operation of automobiles or other dangerous machinery, and activities made hazardous by decreased alertness. Patients should also be cautioned that the central nervous system effects of baclofen may be additive to those of alcohol and other CNS depressants.

    Baclofen should be used with caution where spasticity is utilized to sustain upright posture and balance in locomotion or whenever spasticity is utilized to obtain increased function. In patients with epilepsy, the clinical state and electroencephalogram should be monitored at regular intervals, since deterioration in seizure control and EEG have been reported occasionally in patients taking baclofen. It is not known whether this drug is excreted in human milk. As a general rule, nursing should not be undertaken while a patient is on a drug since many drugs are excreted in human milk.

    A dose-related increase in incidence of ovarian cysts and a less marked increase in enlarged and/or hemorrhagic adrenal glands was observed in female rats treated chronically with baclofen.

    Ovarian cysts have been found by palpation in about 4% of the multiple sclerosis patients that were treated with baclofen for up to one year. In most cases these cysts disappeared spontaneously while patients continued to receive the drug. Ovarian cysts are estimated to occur spontaneously in approximately 1% to 5% of the normal female population.

    Pediatric Use

    Safety and effectiveness in pediatric patients below the age of 12 years have not been established.


  • ADVERSE REACTIONS

    The most common is transient drowsiness (10 to 63%). In one controlled study of 175 patients, transient drowsiness was observed in 63% of those receiving baclofen compared to 36% of those in the placebo group. Other common adverse reactions are dizziness (5 to 15%), weakness (5 to 15%) and fatigue (2 to 4%).

    Others reported:

    Neuropsychiatric: Confusion (1 to 11%), headache (4 to 8%), insomnia (2 to 7%); and, rarely, euphoria, excitement, depression, hallucinations, paresthesia, muscle pain, tinnitus, slurred speech, coordination disorder, tremor, rigidity, dystonia, ataxia, blurred vision, nystagmus, strabismus, miosis, mydriasis, diplopia, dysarthria, epileptic seizure.

    Cardiovascular: Hypotension (0 to 9%). Rare instances of dyspnea, palpitation, chest pain, syncope.

    Gastrointestinal: Nausea (4 to 12%), constipation (2 to 6%); and, rarely, dry mouth, anorexia, taste disorder, abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea, and positive test for occult blood in stool.

    Genitourinary: Urinary frequency (2 to 6%); and, rarely, enuresis, urinary retention, dysuria, impotence, inability to ejaculate, nocturia, hematuria.

    Other: Instances of rash, pruritus, ankle edema, excessive perspiration, weight gain, nasal congestion.

    Some of the CNS and genitourinary symptoms may be related to the underlying disease rather than to drug therapy.

    The following laboratory tests have been found to be abnormal in a few patients receiving baclofen: increased SGOT, elevated alkaline phosphatase, and elevation of blood sugar.


  • OVERDOSAGE

    Signs and Symptoms: Vomiting, muscular hypotonia, drowsiness, accommodation disorders, coma, respiratory depression, and seizures.

    Treatment: In the alert patient, empty the stomach promptly by induced emesis followed by lavage. In the obtunded patient, secure the airway with a cuffed endotracheal tube before beginning lavage (do not induce emesis). Maintain adequate respiratory exchange, do not use respiratory stimulants.


  • DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

    The determination of optimal dosage requires individual titration. Start therapy at a low dosage and increase gradually until optimum effect is achieved (usually between 40 to 80 mg daily).

    The following dosage titration schedule is suggested:
    5 mg t.i.d. for 3 days
    10 mg t.i.d. for 3 days
    15 mg t.i.d. for 3 days
    20 mg t.i.d. for 3 days

    Thereafter additional increases may be necessary but the total daily dose should not exceed a maximum of 80 mg daily (20 mg q.i.d.).

    The lowest dose compatible with an optimal response is recommended. If benefits are not evident after a reasonable trial period, patients should be slowly withdrawn from the drug (see WARNINGS Abrupt Drug Withdrawal).


  • HOW SUPPLIED

    Baclofen tablets, USP for oral use, are supplied in the following forms:

    As 10 mg – Compressed tablet, white, 5/16” diameter, round; one side scored and debossed BAC and 10, one side debossed 832, in bottles of 90 (NDC 0832-1024-09), 100 (NDC 0832-1024-00), 500 (NDC 0832-1024-50) and 1000 (NDC 0832-1024-10).

    As 20 mg – Compressed tablet, white, 13/32” diameter, round; one side scored and debossed 832 and BC20, one side plain, in bottles of 90 (NDC 0832-1025-09), 100 (NDC 0832-1025-00), 500 (NDC 0832-1025-50) and 1000 (NDC 0832-1025-10).

    Dispense in a tight container as defined in the USP.

    Keep out of reach of children.

    Store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F). Excursions permitted to 15° to 30°C (59° to 86°F). [See USP Controlled Room Temperature].

    Manufactured by
    UPSHER-SMITH LABORATORIES, INC.
    Maple Grove, MN 55369

    Revised 0615


  • PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 10 mg Tablet Bottle Label

    NDC 0832-1024-09

    Baclofen
    Tablets, USP

    10 mg

    90 Tablets
    Rx only

    UPSHER-SMITH

    PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 10 mg Tablet Bottle Label

  • PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 20 mg Tablet Bottle Label

    NDC 0832-1025-09

    Baclofen
    Tablets, USP

    20 mg

    90 Tablets
    Rx only

    UPSHER-SMITH

    PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 20 mg Tablet Bottle Label

  • INGREDIENTS AND APPEARANCE
    BACLOFEN 
    baclofen tablet
    Product Information
    Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG Item Code (Source) NDC:0832-1024
    Route of Administration ORAL
    Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
    Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
    Baclofen (UNII: H789N3FKE8) (Baclofen - UNII:H789N3FKE8) Baclofen 10 mg
    Inactive Ingredients
    Ingredient Name Strength
    CROSPOVIDONE (15 MPA.S AT 5%) (UNII: 68401960MK)  
    anhydrous lactose (UNII: 3SY5LH9PMK)  
    magnesium stearate (UNII: 70097M6I30)  
    POVIDONE, UNSPECIFIED (UNII: FZ989GH94E)  
    Product Characteristics
    Color WHITE Score 2 pieces
    Shape ROUND Size 8mm
    Flavor Imprint Code BAC;10;832
    Contains     
    Packaging
    # Item Code Package Description Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
    1 NDC:0832-1024-09 90 in 1 BOTTLE; Type 0: Not a Combination Product 10/20/2010
    2 NDC:0832-1024-00 100 in 1 BOTTLE; Type 0: Not a Combination Product 10/20/2010
    3 NDC:0832-1024-50 500 in 1 BOTTLE; Type 0: Not a Combination Product 10/20/2010
    4 NDC:0832-1024-10 1000 in 1 BOTTLE; Type 0: Not a Combination Product 10/20/2010
    Marketing Information
    Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
    ANDA ANDA074584 10/20/2010
    BACLOFEN 
    baclofen tablet
    Product Information
    Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG Item Code (Source) NDC:0832-1025
    Route of Administration ORAL
    Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
    Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
    Baclofen (UNII: H789N3FKE8) (Baclofen - UNII:H789N3FKE8) Baclofen 20 mg
    Inactive Ingredients
    Ingredient Name Strength
    CROSPOVIDONE (15 MPA.S AT 5%) (UNII: 68401960MK)  
    anhydrous lactose (UNII: 3SY5LH9PMK)  
    magnesium stearate (UNII: 70097M6I30)  
    POVIDONE, UNSPECIFIED (UNII: FZ989GH94E)  
    Product Characteristics
    Color WHITE Score 2 pieces
    Shape ROUND Size 10mm
    Flavor Imprint Code 832;BC20
    Contains     
    Packaging
    # Item Code Package Description Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
    1 NDC:0832-1025-09 90 in 1 BOTTLE; Type 0: Not a Combination Product 10/20/2010
    2 NDC:0832-1025-00 100 in 1 BOTTLE; Type 0: Not a Combination Product 10/20/2010
    3 NDC:0832-1025-50 500 in 1 BOTTLE; Type 0: Not a Combination Product 10/20/2010
    4 NDC:0832-1025-10 1000 in 1 BOTTLE; Type 0: Not a Combination Product 10/20/2010
    Marketing Information
    Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
    ANDA ANDA074584 10/20/2010
    Labeler - Upsher-Smith Laboratories, Inc. (809088862)
    Establishment
    Name Address ID/FEI Business Operations
    Upsher-Smith Laboratories, Inc. 809088862 ANALYSIS(0832-1024, 0832-1025) , MANUFACTURE(0832-1024, 0832-1025)
    Establishment
    Name Address ID/FEI Business Operations
    Upsher-Smith Laboratories, Inc. 047251004 ANALYSIS(0832-1024, 0832-1025)
    Establishment
    Name Address ID/FEI Business Operations
    Upsher-Smith Laboratories, Inc. 079111820 LABEL(0832-1024, 0832-1025) , PACK(0832-1024, 0832-1025)